Report of the Presidential Study Group, Security, Reform and Peace

The United States is facing an extraordinary moment of challenge in the Middle East, one that demands an integrated U.S. strategy built on a set of three pillars: security, reform, and peace.

Report of the Presidential Study Group, Security, Reform and Peace: The Three Pillars of U.S. Strategy in the Middle East, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2005.

The security agenda is the most pressing, but it alone is not sufficient. If the United States wants not just to combat the threats it faces in the region but also to change the regional dynamic which produces such threats, the administration should also pursue political, social, and economic reform in Middle East countries and the promotion of a secure Arab-Israeli peace.

At the center of the group's strategy for peace is support of Palestinian reformers and the encouragement of "orderly Israeli disengagement" from Gaza. Also, given the subsequent Syrian-backed assassination of former Lebanese prime minister Rafik al-Hariri, it dedicates several pages to achieving reform in Syria and encouraging an end to its occupation of Lebanon.

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