The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility

These articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts mark a major step in the codification and progressive development of international law.

Crawford James, The International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

The articles in this book cover such topics as attributing conduct to the State; defining when there has been a breach of international law, reparation for injury; the invocation of responsibility and the rules relating to countermeasures. The articles develop basic concepts of international law, in particular peremptory norms and obligations to the international community as a whole.

They signal definitively how international law has moved away from a purely bilateral conception of responsibility to accommodate categories of general public interest such as human rights and the environment.

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