This concept deals with the current plan to renew negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians on a permanent Two-State Solution.
The term Roadmap refers to the “Performance-Based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict” published by The Quartet (USA, Russia, EU, and the UN) on (4/03).
The Roadmap specifies steps for Israel and the Palestinians to take in order to reach a settlement and a timeline for doing so under the auspices of the Quartet. The outline contains three phases and a detailed implementation schedule.
The Roadmap is based on the Bush Vision to the Middle East (6/02), which presented an outline for the renewal of the Israeli-Palestinian political process. The Roadmap was presented first in 12/02, and formally published on 4/30/03. The outline mentions the UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and the UN Security Council Resolution 1397 as forming the basis for the political process.
The Roadmap calls for a set of confidence-building measures to be followed by the establishment of a Palestinian State with Provisional Borders leading to the conclusion of a Permanent Status Agreement.
Hence, the Roadmap reverses the Sequence of the Israeli-Palestinian Political Process provided for by the Oslo Process which was based on establishing a Palestinian State after a Permanent Status Agreement.
Israel accepted the outline in general, though with a few reservations. 1
At the end of the Aqaba Summit, in which the King of Jordan, Abdullah, President Bush, PM Sharon and the Palestinian PM Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) participated, the leaders called for a quick implementation of the Roadmap. However, due to the continuation of violence in the area, neither side has implemented the first phase.
Phases of the Roadmap
The 1st Phase of the Roadmap (target date 5/03) – end of terror and violence, normalization of lives of Palestinians and Palestinian institution-building. Israel is to withdraw from Palestinian territories taken over since 28/9/2000 and freeze all settlement activity in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
The 2nd Phase of the Roadmap (target dates 12/03) – focusing on efforts to establish a Palestinian State with Provisional Borders based on a new constitution, as an intermediate station toward Permanent Status Agreement.
The 3rd Phase of the Roadmap (until 2005) – includes an international convention to discuss Historic Issues leading to the conclusion of a Permanent Status Agreement.
1 See, Israel’s Reservations to the Roadmap.